This week I began his chapter that critiques the use of statues and images by the medieval church. Here’s what he wrote about crosses. Read this aloud. You can hear the gentle irony:
Paul testifies that by the true preaching of the gospel “Christ is depicted before our eyes as crucified” [Gal. 3:1]. What purpose did it serve for so many crosses – of wood, stone, silver, and gold – to be erected here and there in churches, if this fact had been duly and faithfully taught: that Christ died on the cross to bear our curse [Gal. 3:13], to expiate our sins by the sacrifice of his body [Heb. 10:10], to wash them by his blood [Rev. 1:5], in short, to reconcile us to God the Father [Rom. 5:10]? From this one fact they could have learned more than from a thousand crosses of wood or stone. (Institutes 1.11.7, Battles 107)
I understand what Calvin is getting at here. It is so easy as a preacher of the gospel to assume that the gospel is understood. We assume too much. If we don’t make the gospel clear the natural inclination of the fallen human heart is to copy behaviors that will make it acceptable to God. When you assume the gospel rather than preach the gospel, the cross becomes silent. What we see are one set of behaviors switched for another. What is missing is the human heart restructured through understanding the costliness and the beauty of the cross.
“How then will they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how are they to believe in him of whom they have never heard? And how are they to hear without someone preaching?” (Romans 10.14).
The image of the cross separates the sinful heart from God’s grace. The sound of the gospel message of the cross incorporates.